It is observed that children with Down's syndrome experience mild to moderate learning disabilities, developmental delays, restricted movement and have distinctive facial features like a flat face and small mouth and ear. It not only takes patience but also innovation to help your child overcome his disability.
Turn mundane chores into interesting activities, which will help in your child's overall development. Here's what you can do at home:
This will encourage them to do physical work and concentrate on a particular activity. It can be something as simple as washing vegetables, putting grocery in cabinets, watering plants, etc. This will also serve as a good start in making them feel responsible towards a job.
Use of both hands:
This is mainly for co-ordination. Children with Down's syndrome tend to have restricted movement due to difficulty in co-ordination. Try to give them activities that will require them to use both the hands simultaneously-like finger painting, playing with dough or even puppets.
There are chances that your child might not be very enthusiastic about regular physical activities. To help them understand motion, you can put a hammock in the house. The movements on the hammock will make them aware of their own body movements. Activities such as skipping or jogging can also be undertaken, as these do not put much pressure on one's brain, yet at the same time may prove fruitful.
Pick a story that your child is familiar with and is easy to read. Print it on paper and highlight selected words like names of certain animals, birds or trees. Bring the pictures of these highlighted words as well and place them randomly in front of the child. Now ask him to read the story and pick up a picture of the word that has been highlighted. This is a very simple game but works on multiple levels such as memory, concentration, co-ordination and reading skills.
This activity will help in developing their muscle tone and motor skills. Select a blanket or towel that is big enough and ask your child to lie down on their belly. Take a soft rope and give one end to your child while you hold on to the other end to tow him across the room. Remember, the floor should be smooth and even. Holding on to the rope tightly increases their muscle tone and improves their motor skills.
Children with Down's syndrome frequently stick their tongues out while talking due to low muscle control. Sing their favourite rhyme/song with them while sitting in front of a mirror. Both, you and he should look in the mirror while singing. The child will observe the movements of your mouth and try to imitate it in the same way.
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