What are the main functions of CARA?
Adoptions of orphan, abandoned and surrendered children fall under the purview of CARA, through its associated and recognised adoption agencies. CARA not only facilitates adoption of Indian children, but also maintains a database of adoptable children, creates awareness about adoption and regulates in-country and inter-country adoptions.
Who can use the services of CARA?
Adoptive parents, who are based in India and abroad (NRIs), can use the services of CARA. CARA encourages Indian prospective adoptive parents (PAP) to register with a CARA-recognised adoption agency. Those residing abroad can move for adoption through foreign agencies enlisted with CARA.
There is also a section for family adoption, where a child of deceased parents can be adopted by his/her parents' relatives.
What are the benefits of adoption through CARA?
Apart from online registration and tracking of status of adoption available on the website, CARA procedures work within the purview of national and international adoption laws. The child to be adopted is from a CARA-registered agency and the home into which the child goes to is studied carefully through independent home study reports (HSR) before allowing the PAP custody of the child. The entire process takes place in a legally approved manner.
Is adoption in India a nightmare?
Looking at experiences of PAP who have adopted through CARA, the procedure is quite efficient, though it must understood that adoption itself is a procedure requires patience, perseverance, time and can incur some expense. NRIs are urged to have a little more patience as compared to resident Indians in the adoption procedure.
What about foreign nationals wishing to adopt an Indian child?
A foreign national needs to register with an Authorised Foreign Adoption Agency (AFAA) who forwards their HSR to CARA, who in turn appoints a RIFA.