Is milk required for healthy bones?
Calcium and vitamin D are the most essential nutrients for strong bones. Milk is the richest source of highly bioavailable calcium (calcium that is easily absorbed). Milk is also rich in phosphorus, magnesium and proteins which are essential to gain adequate bone mineral density during childhood and adolescence, which in turn reduces the risk of osteoporotic fractures in later life. A recent review in the journal, Nutrition Reviews, indicated that dairy products are important for bone health during childhood.
Does milk affect teeth?
Calcium and phosphorus are essential minerals for development and maintenance of healthy teeth. Casein (a protein found in milk) combines with calcium and phosphorus to create a protective film over the tooth enamel and prevents tooth decay. Studies have also shown that children who drink less than 1 glass of milk per week are more likely to develop tooth caries. Drinking milk after consuming sugary cereals reduces plaque acid levels and in turn reduces cavities in children.
Is milk beneficial to maintain low blood pressure?
An increasing number of studies have demonstrated that consumption of milk helps in maintaining optimum blood pressure levels in children and adolescents. Although the exact mechanism is not clear, scientists speculate that nutrients in milk such as calcium, potassium, magnesium and protein may exert a positive effect on blood pressure in children.
Does milk have any other health benefits?
Yes. Milk intake is known to lower the risk of obesity in children and adolescents. Studies also indicate that those who drink milk are at lesser risk of developing type 2 diabetes and certain types of cancer. A glass of milk before bed induces good sleep.